تبلیغات
دروس دبیرستان - گرامر زبان انگلیسی اول دبیرستان
 
دروس دبیرستان
در پلکان دنیا تنها پله محکم خداست پس به نام خدا
                                                        
درباره وبلاگ


مدیر وبلاگ : mohammad eghbali
نویسندگان
نظرسنجی
قواعد یا نمونه سوال؟






آمار وبلاگ
  • کل بازدید :
  • بازدید امروز :
  • بازدید دیروز :
  • بازدید این ماه :
  • بازدید ماه قبل :
  • تعداد نویسندگان :
  • تعداد کل پست ها :
  • آخرین بازدید :
  • آخرین بروز رسانی :

ابزار وبلاگ نایت اسکین

استخاره با قرآن کریم
دریافت کد استخاره آنلاین

Google

در این وبلاگ
در كل اینترنت
درس نهم
زمان حال کامل یا ماضی نقلی 




دستور زبان 
دستور زبان یا گرامر این درس درباره زمان«حال کامل»( یا ماضی نقلی) می باشد که در زیر به شرح آن می پردازیم . 
درس نهم
زمان حال کامل یا ماضی نقلی 




دستور زبان 
دستور زبان یا گرامر این درس درباره زمان«حال کامل»( یا ماضی نقلی) می باشد که در زیر به شرح آن می پردازیم . 


1 – زمان حال کامل (ماضی نقلی) در مورد عملی به کار می رود که در گذشته شروع شده و آثار آن باقی است. در فارسی به آن ماضی نقلی و در انگلیسی به آن present perfect (حال کامل) می گویند. 

مانند : 
من شام خودم را خورده ام. 
I have eaten my dinner


او آشپزخانه را تمیز کرده است.

she has cleaned the kitchen




2- فعل حال کامل از have / has و قسمت سوم فعل ساخته می شود. 

Clean – cleaned – cleaned ( P.P ‌قسمت سوم یا - گذشته فعل با قاعده – ) 
Eat – ate – eaten - (p.p قسمت سوم با - گذشته - فعل بی قاعده)




3 – برای بیان طول عمل در زمان گذشته تا حال از کلمه for و برای بیان زمان شروع عمل در گذشته از since استفاده می شود. 


4 – اکنون به چند مثال از زمان حال کامل دقت کنید. 

من از 1368 در تهران بوده ام. 
I have been in Tehran since 1368


من یک کیک درست کرده ام.

I have made a cake


آنها از 1381 این خانه را خریده اند.

They have bought this house since 1381 .


او به مدت دو سال در ایران بوده است.

She has been in Iran for two years.


ما به مدت دو ساعت فوتبال بازی کرده ایم.

We have played football for two hours.


آنها از ماه می دوستان خوبی بوده اند.

They have been friends since May.




5 - برای ساخت حال کامل منفی از have not / has not و قسمت سوم فعل استفاده می شود. مانند : 

آنها اتاق را تمیز نکرده اند. 

They have not cleaned the room. 

‌او نامه ها را ننوشته است .

she has not written the letters.




6 - برای ساخت حال کامل سؤالی باید have/ has را به ابتدای جمله بیاوریم. مانند: 

آیا شما شامت را خورده ای ؟
Have you eaten your dinner.


آیا او نامه ها را نوشته است ؟

Has she written the letters?




کاربرد زبان 

خرید کردن
shopping



می توانم کمکتان کنم ؟

A: - May I help you?


بله من به دنبال یک لباس می گردم

B: - Yes , I'm looking for a dress


چه سایزی می خواهید.

A: what size do you want?


من سایز 38 می پوشم.

B: I wear size 38


این یکی چطور است؟

A: How about this one ?


قشنگ است . قیمت آن چند است؟

B: It only nice . how much is it?


فقط 400 تومان است.

A: It's only 400 tomans.


بسیار خوب ، من آن را می برم.

B: okay. I'll take it .


چیز دیگری لازم دارید خانم ؟

A: Anything else, madam?


نه ، متشکرم

B: No, thank you.




تمرین 
پاسخ صحیح را از میان گزینه های داده شده انتخاب کنید: 

1 – They have lived in shiraz……..two years. 
1) from 
2) for 
3) since 
4) by

2 – she has bought many book……1358
1) since 
2) by 
3) for 
4) with

3 – He …. To Europe for a few week. 
1) traveling 
2) travel 
3)has traveled 
4) have traveled

4 – My father is tired because he … hard. 
1) has worked 
2) have worked 
3) had worked 
4) working

5 – Is has rained here …..last month. 
1) yet 
2) by 
3) for 
4) since

6 – I have learnt English…..I was thirteen. 
1) yet
2) by
3) for
4) since

7 – Onions, potatoes and tomatoes are …….
1) trees 
2) flowers 
3) vegetables 
4) fruits

8 – Her glass is empty because she …. All the water. 
1) drinks 
2) will drink 
3) has drunk 
4) had drunk

9 – I am going to by a bicycle when I have … money. 
1) busy 
2) enough 
3)dirty 
4) beautiful

10 – I'm sure …..they have gone home. 
1) that 
2) which 
3) where 
4) who


 پاسخ : 
2=1
1=2
3=3
1=4
4=5
4=6
3=7
3=8
2=9
1=10




نوع مطلب :
برچسب ها :
لینک های مرتبط :




یکشنبه 26 شهریور 1396 10:22 ب.ظ
Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren't
loading properly. I'm not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
I've tried it in two different browsers and both show the same
outcome.
شنبه 14 مرداد 1396 05:22 ق.ظ
Link exchange is nothing else however it is only
placing the other person's web site link on your page at
appropriate place and other person will also do same for you.
شنبه 7 مرداد 1396 09:08 ق.ظ
magnificent issues altogether, you simply received
a new reader. What could you suggest in regards to your publish
that you just made a few days ago? Any sure?
چهارشنبه 14 تیر 1396 10:17 ق.ظ
I'm not sure exactly why but this blog is loading very slow for
me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end?
I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.
دوشنبه 22 خرداد 1396 07:35 ق.ظ
I enjoy what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and reporting!

Keep up the very good works guys I've added you guys to our
blogroll.
یکشنبه 21 خرداد 1396 02:11 ق.ظ
My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and thought I may as well
check things out. I like what I see so now i am
following you. Look forward to looking at your web page yet again.
پنجشنبه 18 خرداد 1396 08:21 ب.ظ
Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established
blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog? I'm not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick.
I'm thinking about making my own but I'm not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas
or suggestions? With thanks
جمعه 29 اردیبهشت 1396 03:38 ق.ظ
My brother suggested I would possibly like this web site.

He was entirely right. This put up actually made my day. You cann't consider simply how much time I had
spent for this information! Thanks!
سه شنبه 26 اردیبهشت 1396 07:34 ق.ظ
I'm truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.
It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant
for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?
Outstanding work!
دوشنبه 28 فروردین 1396 02:21 ق.ظ
Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. But
think of if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts more, "pop"!
Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this blog could undeniably be one of the greatest in its niche.
Very good blog!
سه شنبه 22 فروردین 1396 06:28 ق.ظ
This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am actually
happy to read all at alone place.
یکشنبه 20 فروردین 1396 06:55 ب.ظ
I don't even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
I don't know who you are but certainly you're going
to a famous blogger if you aren't already ;) Cheers!
جمعه 18 فروردین 1396 01:26 ب.ظ
Greetings! Very useful advice within this article!
It is the little changes which will make the largest changes.

Thanks a lot for sharing!
سه شنبه 15 فروردین 1396 04:59 ب.ظ
Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is amazing, great written and include almost all important infos.
I'd like to look extra posts like this .
سه شنبه 15 فروردین 1396 05:18 ق.ظ
Hey there! I know this is sort of off-topic but I
needed to ask. Does building a well-established website such as yours require a massive amount work?
I'm completely new to running a blog but I do write in my
journal on a daily basis. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and views online.
Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for new aspiring blog owners.
Appreciate it!
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر