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دروس دبیرستان - زمان حال ساده
 
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مدیر وبلاگ : mohammad eghbali
نویسندگان
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آمار وبلاگ
  • کل بازدید :
  • بازدید امروز :
  • بازدید دیروز :
  • بازدید این ماه :
  • بازدید ماه قبل :
  • تعداد نویسندگان :
  • تعداد کل پست ها :
  • آخرین بازدید :
  • آخرین بروز رسانی :

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چهارشنبه 30 بهمن 1392 :: نویسنده : mohammad eghbali

ساختار

جمع

go,

play,

don't work

we

you

they

مفرد

go, play, 
don't work

I, you

goes, plays, doesn't work

he, she, it

 

بقیه در ادامه مطلب

کاربرد

زمان حال ساده یکی از متداول‌ترین زمانها در زبان انگلیسی می‌باشد که برای مقاصد زیر مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد:

1- برای بیان عملی که همیشه تکرار می‌شود، مانند یک عادت یا رسم:

  • go to school by bus.

  • We get up at 7 AM.

  • 'Does he smoke?' 'No, he doesn't.'

 

2- برای بیان حقیقتی که همیشه یا معمولاً درست است:

  • The Earth orbits the Sun.

  • come from Iran.

  • Some animals migrate in winter.
    (بعضی از حیوانات در زمستان مهاجرت می‌کنند.)

 

3- برای بیان حقیقتی که برای مدتی (طولانی) دوام داشته باشد:

  • work in a shop.

  • She lives in a small cottage.

 


  یک نکته

زمان حال ساده اغلب با قیدهای تکرار مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرند. مهمترین قیدهای تکرار (frequency adverbs) عبارتند از:

never     rarely     sometimes     often     usually     always
0%............................. 50% .............................100%

  • I usually play football with my friends.

  • never go shopping.

  • sometimes she plays piano for us.


 

نکاتی در مورد هجی (verb + s)

1- افعالی که به x, ch, sh, ss و o ختم می‌شوند، به جای es ، s می‌گیرند:

kisses, washes, watches, does, boxes

2- افعالی که به ختم می‌شوند و قبل از آن حرف بی‌صدایی بیاید، y به ies تبدیل می‌شود:

try, tries     hurry, hurries     fly, flies

ولی آن دسته از افعالی که به ختم می‌شوند و قبل از آن یک حرف صدادار وجود دارد، تنها یک s می‌گیرند:

plays, buys, enjoys





نوع مطلب :
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