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دروس دبیرستان - درس 4 - انگلیسی اول دبیرستان
 
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درباره وبلاگ


مدیر وبلاگ : mohammad eghbali
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آمار وبلاگ
  • کل بازدید :
  • بازدید امروز :
  • بازدید دیروز :
  • بازدید این ماه :
  • بازدید ماه قبل :
  • تعداد نویسندگان :
  • تعداد کل پست ها :
  • آخرین بازدید :
  • آخرین بروز رسانی :

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در این وبلاگ
در كل اینترنت

  لغات درس چهارم

only

فقط

 

May I borrow

ممكن است قرض بگیرم ؟

out

بیرون                               

 

maybe

شاید

Never mind

مهم نیست. مسئله ای نیست.

 

most

بیشترین

right now

همین الان

 

noise

سرو صدا

road

جاده

 

push

هل دادن

side

بغل – كنار

 

second

دومین – ثانیه

snow

برف

 

sitting room

اتاق نشیمن

sorry

متأسف

 

snow plow

ماشین برف روب

third

سومین

 

taxi- driver

راننده تاكسی

what if

چه می شود اگر

 

wonder

شگفتی – تردید- از خود پرسیدن

warm

گرم

 

What fun it was!

چه جالب بود ! چه كیفی داشت !

teeth

‌دندان ها ( جمع ) tooth

 

too

خیلی زیاد – همچنین – هم

worst

بدترین

 

voice

‌صدا

a long time

مدت طولانی

 

yard

حیاط

another

دیگر – دیگری

 

armchair

مبل – صندلی دسته دار

worse

بدتر

 

autumn

پاییز

bedroom

اتاق خواب

 

beside

كنار

Chinese

چینی

 

boot

پوتین – چكمه

clear

پاک كردن – واضح كردن

 

borrow

قرض گرفتن

climb(up/down)

صعود كردن به بالا یا پایین

 

comfortable

راحت

face

صورت

 

England

انگلستان

get up

از خواب برخاستن

 

first

اولین

hand

دست

 

front

جلو

loud

‌بلند ( صدای بلند)

 

deep

عمیق

make a noise

‌سروصدا كردن

 

hear

شنیدن

interesting

‌جالب

 

heavy (snow)

‌(برف) سنگین

branch

شعبه – شاخه

 

Help yourself.

از خودتان پذیرایی كنید.

 بقیه در ادامه مطلب

 دستور زبان

دستور زبان این درس درباره صفت عالی یا صفت برترین می باشد. همچنین در این درس می آموزید كه چگونه با صفت های چند سیلابی ، صفت برتر و صفت برترین بسازید.

 

  1 – صفت عالی یا صفت برترین، برتری یك چیز را بر مجموع چیزها بیان می كند. علامت صفت عالی، حرف تعریف معین the می باشد. برای ساختن صفت عالی ، پسوند est را به صفت مورد نظر ( صفت یك سیلابی و یا دو سیلابی كه یك سیلابش خفیف باشد) اضافه می كنیم و قبل از آن حرف the را می آوریم. مانند :

 

او قد بلندترین دختر در كلاس است.

She is the tallest girl in the class.

این كتاب بزرگترین كتاب در كتابخانه است.

This book is the largest one in the library.

مینا جوان ترین دختر در خانواده ما است.

Mina is the youngest girl in our family. 

 

 

  2 – صفت های چند سیلابی مانند beautiful , important , famous, useful و .... پسوند er, est نمی گیرند. برای ساختن صفت برتر و صفت برترین از این صفات باید قبل از آنها more ( برای صفت برتر) most (برای صفت برترین) بیاوریم.

به چند مثال توجه كنید : 
این كتاب از آن كتاب مفیدتر است.

This book is more useful than that book. (صفت برتر)

این اتومبیل از آن اتومیبل گران تر است.

This car is more expensive than that car. (صفت برتر)

این كتاب مفیدترین كتاب در كتابخانه است.

This book is the most useful book in the library. (صفت عالی)

این اتومبیل ، گران ترین اتومبیل در شهر ماست.

This car is the most expensive car in our town. 
 

 

  3 - صفات استثنا یا صفات بی قاعده، صفاتی هستند كه شكل تفضیلی و عالی آنها تابع قواعد گفته شده فوق نیستند ( یعنی پسوند er, est نمی گیرند و قبل از آن ها نیز more یا most نمی آید) این صفات خودشان شكل تفضیلی و عالی خاص دارند كه بایستی از حفظ شوند. شما در زیر با چند نمونه از صفات استثنا آشنا می شوید :

صفت مطلق

صفت تفضیلی = برتر

صفت عالی = برترین

خوب =  good

بهتر =  better

بهترین = best

بد =  bad

 بدتر = worse

بدترین =  worst

زیاد =  much/many

 بیشتر =  more

بیشترین = most

 

 

  كاربرد زبان

«پاسخ مثبت به یك تقاضا»
Granting a request

1- آیا می توانم مدادتان را قرض بگیرم لطفاً ؟

1 – A – May I borrow your pen please?

بسیار خوب

B – All right 

2- می توانم نگاهی به روزنامه بیندازم ؟

2 – A – Could I see the newspaper?

بله : البته - بفرمایید

B – Yes, of course. Here you are.


Rejecting a Request 
«رد كردن یك تقاضا»

1- آیا می توانم از تلفن شما استفاده كنم ؟

1 – A - Can I use your telephone?

متأسفم، الان دارم از آن استفاده می كنم.

B – Sorry, I'm using it right now.

بله ، می فهمم .

A – Oh, I see.

2 – می توانم از اتومبیل شما استفاده كنم ؟

2 – A – May I use your car?

متأسفم . من الان به آن احتیاج دارم.

B – Sorry. I need it right now.

اوه ، اشكالی ندارد

A- Oh, never mind

 

 

  تمرین 
پاسخ صحیح را از میان گزینه های داده شده انتخاب كنید.

1 – The bank has several…….
1) teeth 
2) butcher 
3) branches 
4) driver 

2 – May I borrow your car? Yes , ……
1) sure 
2) help yourself 
3) sorry 
4) never mind 

3 – My handwriting is ……..than your handwriting. 
1) bad 
2) worse 
3) worst 
4)the worst 

4- Tehran is ……city in Iran. 
1) important
2) very important
3) the most important
4) more important 

5 – I think learning English is …. learning Arabic. 
1) easy than 
2) easier than 
3) easiest 
4) the easiest 

6 – My grandfather is ……. my father. 
1) younger than 
2) the youngest 
3) older than 
4) the oldest 

7 – May I have another sandwich? Yes, of course. …… 
1) Thanks 
2) Never mind 
3) What fun it is 
4) Help yourself 

8 – I usually have a dictionary ….. me when I'm studying English. 
1) on top of 
2) behind 
3) inside 
4) beside 

9 – Mina's handwriting is ….. in our class. 
1) better than 
2) worse than 
3) the most 
4) the worst 

10 – A : May I use your telephone ? B: Sorry, I'm using it right now.   A: ….
1) never mind 
2) help yourself 
3) here you are 
4) sure  

 

  پاسخ

پاسخ

سوال

3

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

2

5

3

6

4

7

4

8

4

9

1

10

 

نمونه سوال دروس 1و2و3و4 انگلیسی اول دبیرستان

 

We use comparative and superlative form to compare and contrast different objects, or to show the difference between them.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

One- syllable adjectives

old

long
big
hot

older
longer
bigger
hotter

the oldest
the longest
the biggest
the hottest

Adjectives ending in -y

dirty
noisy

dirtier
noisier

the dirtiest
the noisiest

Adjectives with two or more syllables

beautiful
interesting

morebeautiful
moreinteresting

the mostbeautiful
the mostinteresting

Irregular adjectives

good
bad
far

better
worse
further

the best
the worst
the furthest

Adjectives that end in one vowel and one consonant double the consonant.

·         Look! This is the biggest church in Italy!

·         My hair is thinner than yours.

·         Yesterday was hotter than today.

Adjectives ending in -y change the -y in -i.

·         Lucy is happier than me.

·         This TV program is funnier than the one we saw yesterday.

Than is always used with comparatives to introduce the second element in a comparison.

 

More than 100 passengers got on the plane. It was a winter day. It was January. The weather was very cold. It was snowing. Ice was on the roads. But the airport was open. The big jets were flying. A little snow never stopped a big jet. Big jets fly all the time. They rarely crash in bad weather. They rarely crash in good weather. Big jets are very safe. The passengers got on the plane. It was 7 a.m. The plane was supposed to take off at 7:30 a.m. It did not take off at 7:30 a.m. It did not take off all morning. It did not take off all afternoon. The plane sat on the runway until 6:30 p.m. The passengers sat in the plane all day. The plane could not take off. The pilot could not see the runway. He could not see anything. The only thing he could see was his two hands. A little snow was okay. But this was a lot of snow. This was too much snow. But maybe the snow would stop. Then they could take off. So the pilot waited. The passengers waited. At 6:30 p.m., the pilot told the passengers to get off the plane. Everyone was happy to leave the plane. They went back into the airport. They waited for the snow to stop. But it didn’t stop. It snowed for two more days.


I am happy. I have many friends. I have a large family. I have four brothers and four sisters. I am in the middle. Four brothers are older than me. Four sisters are younger than me. I go to school. I am in the sixth grade. I like my teachers. My teachers like me. I have friends in every class. My favorite class is history. I like to read about history. History is a story about our past. Soon we will all be history. Then kids in school will read about us. I hope they like our stories. My best friend is Bobby. Bobby and I do many things together. We swim together. We play basketball together. We ride our bikes together. I have many other friends. We all go to the mall on weekends. We go to movies. We go to restaurants. We tell jokes. We laugh. We have fun. Life is great.

 





نوع مطلب :
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